What Is A SARSEP Retirement Plan
A SARSEP retirement plan, also known as a Salary Reduction Simplified Employee Pension plan, is a type of retirement plan that allows employees to make pre-tax contributions to their retirement account. This plan is designed for small businesses and self-employed individuals who want to save for their retirement while reducing their taxable income.
The SARSEP plan is similar to a traditional IRA in that contributions are tax-deductible, earnings grow tax-deferred, and withdrawals are taxed as income. However, a SARSEP plan offers higher contribution limits than a traditional IRA, making it an attractive option for those looking to save more for retirement.
To participate in a SARSEP plan, both the employer and employee must contribute to the plan. The employer must establish the plan and select a financial institution to hold the plan assets. The employee must agree to have a portion of their salary withheld and contributed to the plan.
One key feature of a SARSEP plan is that the employer must make a contribution to the plan on behalf of all eligible employees. The contribution must be a percentage of each employee's salary and cannot exceed the lesser of 25% of their compensation or $58,000 in 2021. This contribution is tax-deductible for the employer and is not subject to payroll taxes.
Employees can contribute up to 25% of their compensation or $19,500 in 2021, whichever is less. Those over age 50 can also make catch-up contributions of up to $6,500 in 2021. These contributions are tax-deductible and reduce the employee's taxable income.
One disadvantage of a SARSEP plan is that it can be complicated to administer, and the employer must ensure that all eligible employees are included in the plan. Additionally, contributions must be made on a regular basis, which can be a burden for small businesses with fluctuating cash flow.
Another potential drawback of a SARSEP plan is that it is only available to small businesses with 25 or fewer employees. Once a business grows beyond this size, it must switch to a different type of retirement plan, such as a 401(k) plan.
In summary, a SARSEP retirement plan is a type of retirement plan that allows employees to make pre-tax contributions to their retirement account while reducing their taxable income. The plan has higher contribution limits than a traditional IRA and requires both the employer and employee to contribute. While a SARSEP plan can be beneficial for small businesses, it may be complicated to administer and is only available to businesses with 25 or fewer employees.